Home > Data structuring and enhancement

Data structuring and enhancement

Organising data captured from one or various sources into a uniform structure (such as a database), or augmenting digital information (e.g. enhancing a digital image).

See the tabs in the box at the bottom for a list of People and Projects using this category of method at Oxford. The category comprises the subheadings below; click on the expand button next to each one to see a list of detailed methods, with definitions taken from arts-humanities.net. The links on each individual method take you to the national list of related projects there.

2d modelling - raster : Refers to the design of 2-dimensional representations/reconstructions of objects or structures using a raster data model and specialised software. They can be used alone or as components of 3D models.
2d modelling - vector : Refers to the design of 2-dimensional representations/reconstructions of objects or structures using a vector data model and specialised software. They can be used alone or as components of 3D models.
3d modelling - interactive : The term '3D modelling - interactive', or ‘Virtual Reality’ (VR), refers to the design of interactive 3-dimensional graphical representations of objects or places. These can be reconstructions of existing or historical places, abstract systems, or repres
3d modelling - vector : Refers to the design of 3-dimensional representations/reconstructions of objects or structures using a vector data model and specialised software.
Animation : Traditional cel animation consists of photographs of drawings (frames), each of which differs slightly from the next, arranged in sequence on film. In order to create the illusion of movement without jerkiness, between 12 and 70 frames per second must be
Graphical rendering : The term ‘rendering’, in a computer graphics context, refers to the process of generating an image from a digital model, by computing its surface qualities, such as colour, shading, smoothness and texture. Rendering can achieve both photorealistic and non
Virtual world modelling : The design and creation of a three dimensional environment, often undertaken with proprietary tools distributed with video games. Usually the term ‘virtual worlds’ refers to multi-user online environments. Some virtual worlds are designed to simulate a re
Sound compression : In this context, ‘sound compression’, or ‘audio compression’, refers to techniques used to eliminate redundant information of a sound file in order to reduce its size, enabling more efficient storage and transmission.
Sound editing : Refers to the techniques used to mix, adjust, optimise and fix sound signals, either for audio or video files. Such editing can include speeding up or slowing down the sound, cutting portions, fading between clips, combining multiple audio files, applying
Sound encoding : Refers to the transformation of sound signals into a defined data structure. Sound can be encoded into different formats for a variety of purposes. These include the use of MIDI, stereo or surround sound for playback, or compressing the file to enable eas
Sound encoding - MIDI : Refers to the transformation of sound signals into a MIDI-conforming data structure. ‘MIDI’ stands for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, and allows synchronisation and data sharing between different electronic musical instruments.
Video and moving image compression : Refers to techniques used to eliminate redundant information of moving image files in order to reduce its size, thereby facilitating its transmission. Like other forms of compression, video compression can be either lossless or lossy. However, as lossy c
Video editing : Refers to the techniques used to manipulate moving image data into a defined structure. Linear editing is where the video is edited in scene order, and was performed when footage only existed in a videotape format. In non-linear editing, which is usually
Cataloguing and indexing : Cataloguing and indexing refer to systems that record and order the semantics and syntax of the data, to enable resource discovery and collection management, to improve searchability and access and to allow the data to be collected and shared.
Record linkages structuring : The term ‘record linkage’ refers to techniques used to link records from different sources, by finding entries that refer to the same entity (e.g. person) in two or more files. These entries can be combined to form individual micro records.
Geo-referencing and projection : Geo-referencing is a technique used to convert images from image coordinates to real-world coordinates to establish spatial locations of geographical features in terms of map projections or coordinate systems. It can also be used to establish the relation
Image enhancement : The term ‘image enhancement’, or ‘image editing’, refers to techniques used to improve the appearance of digital, as well as analogue, images. Both raster and vector files can be manipulated using specialist software.
Image restoration and rectification : The term ‘image restoration’ refers to techniques used to digitally rectify known, measured or accurately surmised degradations of images, for example historic photographs, sketches and paintings.
Photogrammetry : Photogrammetry is a technique used to obtain reliable measurements or information from digital or analogue photographs (photo-grammes). It is often classified as a type of remote sensing, as objects are measured without being touched.
Coding and standardisation : In this context, the term ‘Coding and Standardisation’ refers to the process of translating large amounts of data from diverse sources into standardised codes for data processing.
Data modelling : Refers to the development of a theoretical framework - based on abstract models that describe how data is represented and accessed - by which information is structured for the use in a database system.
Lemmatisation : Refers to techniques used to group a set of forms of a word (a lexeme) together under a single headword, or lemma – the form of the word that would be listed in a dictionary, glossary or index. This enables different inflected forms of the same word to be
Text encoding - descriptive : Descriptive text encoding, or markup, refers to the addition of character and symbols, or tags, at certain places in a text in order to convey information about concrete and abstract concepts (e.g. genres, topical subjects); its logical structure (e.g. id
Text encoding - presentational : Refers to the addition of character and symbols, or tags, at certain places in a text in order to convey information about its visual appearance. Presentational text encoding, or markup, is used in WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) word processing so
Text encoding - referential : Text encoding - referential</em> Refers to the addition of character and symbols, or tags, at certain places in a text in order to convey information about external elements. These can include hypermedia, or hyperlinks that take the user further down the
Projects (142)
15cBOOKTRADE - An Evidence-based Assessment and Visualization of the Distribution, Sale, and Reception of Books in the Renaissance Medieval & Modern Languages Faculty Cristina Dondi
A New Edition of Leonardo's Codex Leicester for Bill Gates Trinity College Martin Kemp
Agora Oxford e-Research Centre
Ancient Cyprus in the Ashmolean Museum Ashmolean Museum Alison Roberts
Anglo-Saxon Discovery Ashmolean Museum
APGRD - Archive of Performances of Greek and Roman Drama Classical Languages Felix Budelmann
Archives and Artefacts: Exploring the past through the work of E.T. Leeds and A2A Ashmolean Museum
Ashmolean Museum Collections Management System Ashmolean Museum Nick Mayhew
Automatic annotation of the Spoken BNC Phonetics Laboratory John Pybus
Autonomous Morphology in Diachrony: comparative evidence from the Romance languages Medieval & Modern Languages Faculty John Charles Smith
BEAM Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Susan Thomas
Beazley Archive Online Databases Classical Archaeology
Bibliography of British and Irish History History Faculty Ian Archer
Bibliotheca Academica Translationum; Translations of Classical Scholarship 1701-1917 Ancient History Oswyn Murray
Blockbooks Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Neil Jefferies
Bodleian First Folio Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services James Cummings
Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Mike Heaney
Boethius in Early Medieval Europe English Faculty
Book of Curiosities: An early 11th-century Arabic cosmography Oriental Studies Faculty Jeremy Johns
British Archaeology at the Ashmolean Museum: Rationalisation and Enhancement of the Historic Collections Ashmolean Museum
British National Corpus IT Services Lou Burnard
Building a Virtual Research Environment for the Humanities (BVREH) Oxford e-Research Centre David Robey
CatCor: The Digital Correspondence of Catherine the Great Russian Kelsey Rubin-Detlev
Centre for the Study of Early Music (CSEM) Music Faculty Julia Craig-McFeely
Centre for the Study of the Cantigas de Santa Maria Portuguese Stephen Parkinson
CLARIN Oxford e-Research Centre Martin Wynne
Computer vision approaches to the study of early printing English Faculty Alexandra Franklin
Congo Journey Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Buckets Archaeology Institute Helena Hamerow
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum Online Classical Archaeology Peter Stewart
Crowd-Map-The-Crusades French Emma Goodwin
Cultures of Knowledge: Networking the Republic of Letters, 1550–1750 History Faculty John Pybus
Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative Griffith Institute Jacob Dahl
Curse Tablets of Roman Britain Classical Archaeology Roger Tomlin
Cutting Edge: Revealing hidden stories in a cross-cultural collection of arms and armour : 2006-08 Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
David Hume Archive Philosophy Faculty Peter Millican
Diachronic Corpus of Sumerian Literature Oriental Studies Faculty Jacob Dahl
Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources Classical Languages Tobias Reinhardt
Digital Ashmolean Cuneiform Ashmolean Museum Jacob Dahl
Digital Asset Management at the Pitt Rivers Museum Anthropology Haas Ezzet
Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (DIAMM) Music Faculty Elizabeth Eva Leach
Digital Miscellanies Index English Faculty Carly Watson
Digital Topographical Bibliography Griffith Institute Elizabeth Frood
Digitally Curating Knowledge Creation: Understanding and Recording the Process of Interpreting Cultural and Historical Artefacts Oxford e-Research Centre Ségolène Tarte
Discovery: Digital semantic corpora for virtual research in philosophy Oxford e-Research Centre Paolo D'Iorio
DiXiT IT Services James Cummings
Domesday Text Project Pilot Theology Faculty Katharine Keats-Rohan
e-Science and Ancient Documents (eSAD) Ancient History Henriette Roued-Cunliffe
Electronic Database of Poetic Form English Faculty
Electronic Enlightenment Project Special Collections and IT Nicholas Cronk
Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature Griffith Institute Jacob Dahl
Elements of Drawing Ashmolean Museum
England: the Other Within: Analysing the English Collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum Pitt Rivers Museum Zena Kamash
Epact: Scientific Instruments of Medieval and Renaissance Europe History of Science Museum Henriette Roued-Cunliffe
European Networking Resources and Information Concerning Cultural Heritage (ENRICH) Project IT Services James Cummings
Fontes Anglo-Saxonici English Faculty Rohini Jayatilaka
Forced Migration Online International Development Ian McClelland
Foreign Office Confidential Prints Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Hannah Chandler
futureArch project Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Susan Thomas
GPBCP: Gazetteer of Papyri in British Collections Classics Faculty Alan Bowman
Griffith Institute Archive Griffith Institute Elizabeth Frood
H.M.J. Underhill Archive Archaeology Institute Megan Price
Holinshed Project History Faculty Ian Archer
I.Sicily: a digital corpus of Sicilian inscriptions Classics Faculty James Cummings
Imaging Papyri at Oxford Classics Faculty Dirk Obbink
Imaging Roman Stilus Tablets Ancient History Alan Bowman
Integrating Broadside Ballad Resources Online Digital Collections Development Neil Jefferies
International Reciprocal Research Network (Haida Material Culture in UK Museums) Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
Internet Archive Live Music Archive Linked Data Oxford e-Research Centre David De Roure
Islamic Manuscripts Project Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Neil Jefferies
Jane Austen's holograph fiction manuscripts: a digital and print resource English Faculty Jenny McAuley
Jonathan Swift: Journal to Stella English Faculty Stephen Bernard
Last Statues of Antiquity Classical Archaeology Bryan Ward-Perkins
Lexicon of Greek Personal Names Ancient History Sebastian Rahtz
Machine-readable grammatical resources for Indonesian Linguistics, Philology & Phonetics Faculty Mary Dalrymple
Making Britain: South Asian Visions of Home and Abroad 1870-1950 History Faculty Sumita Mukherjee
Mapping Crime beyond the John Johnson Collection Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services David Tomkins
Medieval Libraries of Great Britain (MLGB3) History Faculty Neil Jefferies
Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua XI: Monuments from Phrygia, Lycaconia, and Cappadocia Classical Archaeology Peter Thonemann
Nietzsche Source Oxford e-Research Centre Paolo D'Iorio
Novum Inventorium Sepulchrale - Kentish Anglo-Saxon graves and grave-goods in the Sonia Hawkes archive Archaeology Institute Helena Hamerow
Old English Literature; A Hypertext Course Pack English Faculty Stuart Lee
On-line language documentation for Biak (Austronesian) Linguistics, Philology & Phonetics Faculty Mary Dalrymple
Out of the Wings Spanish Jonathan Thacker
Oxford Digital Library Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services Dave Price
Oxford English Dictionary Oxford University Press Barbara McGillivray
Oxford Google Project Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services Dave Price
Oxford Latin American Economic History Database Latin American Centre Valpy FitzGerald
Oxford Roman Economy Project Ancient History Andrew Wilson
Oxford Text Archive IT Services Sebastian Rahtz
Oxford University Research Archive (ORA) Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Sally Rumsey
Pacific Pathways: Multiplying contexts for the Forster ('Cook-Voyage') collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum : 2002-03 Pitt Rivers Museum Paul Groves
Paradigm Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Susan Thomas
Photographic Archive of Papyri in the Cairo Museum Classics Faculty Alan Bowman
Pitt Rivers Luo Visual History Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
Poinikastas: Epigraphic Sources for Early Greek Writing Classical Archaeology Alan Bowman
Portraits in Oxford History Faculty Annette Peach
Portuguese Literature: A Co-Companion Portuguese Stephen Parkinson
PotWeb Ashmolean Museum
Poxy: Oxyrhynchus Online Classical Languages Dirk Obbink
Preparing DARIAH Oxford e-Research Centre Lou Burnard
Preserving and Enhancing Access to Historic Oxfordshire Ashmolean Museum
Prosopography of the Byzantine World History Faculty Avril Cameron
Recovering the material and visual cultures of the southern Sudan: A museological resource Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
Rethinking Pitt-Rivers: Analysing the Activities of a Nineteenth-Century Collector Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
Roman Provincial Coinage Online Ashmolean Museum Volker Heuchert
Romano-British Writing Tablets Classics Faculty Roger Tomlin
Scene details in Ancient Egyptian monuments: Oxford Expedition's electronic database and publications project (c.2960 - 2040 BC). Oriental Studies Faculty Yvonne Harpur
SECT: Sustaining the EEBO-TCP Corpus in Transition Oxford Internet Institute Eric Meyer
Sir John Evans Centenary Project Ashmolean Museum
Small Blessings: Amulets at the Pitt Rivers Museum Anthropology Haas Ezzet
South Cadbury Environs Project Archaeology Institute Gary Lock
Stationers' Register Online (SRO) Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services James Cummings
Sudamih -- Supporting Data Management Infrastructure for the Humanities IT Services Andrew Wilson
Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) IT Services James Cummings
The Creswell Archive Ashmolean Museum
The First World War Poetry Digital Archive IT Services Stuart Lee
The Forster Collection Pitt Rivers Museum Pitt Rivers Museum Paul Groves
The Gascon Rolls 1317-1468 History Faculty Malcolm Vale
The Isaiah Berlin Virtual Library Wolfson College Henry Hardy
The John Johnson Collection: an Archive of Printed Ephemera Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services David Tomkins
The Other Within: Analysing the English collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
The Relational Museum Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
The reuniting of Osip Mandelstam's texts and archives in digital form Medieval & Modern Languages Faculty Jennifer Baines
The Shakespeare Quartos Archive Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services Judith Siefring
The Tibet Album: British photography in Central Tibet 1920-1950 Pitt Rivers Museum Haas Ezzet
The Wandering Jew's Chronicle Digitisation Project Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services James Cummings
The World of Art on the Semantic Web (CLAROS) Oxford e-Research Centre Paul Groves
Thomas Gray Archive Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services Alexander Huber
TileWeb: Paving-Tile Watercolours Online Ashmolean Museum
Transits of Venus History of Science Museum Joseph Talbot
Transnational Jewish Relief Networks and the Emergence of Jewish Internationalism in Central and Eastern Europe, 1860s – 1870s. History Faculty Milena Zeidler
Tudor Partbooks: the manuscript legacies of John Sadler, John Baldwin and their antecedents Music Faculty Julia Craig-McFeely
Universal Leonardo History Martin Kemp
Verb semantics and argument realization in pre-modern Japanese: A comprehensive study of the basic syntax of pre-modern Japanese Oriental Studies Faculty Bjarke Frellesvig
Victorian Social Reform: A Bibliography of the Published Papers of the Social Science Association 1857-86 History Faculty Lawrence Goldman
Vindolanda Tablets Online Ancient History Henriette Roued-Cunliffe
Virtual Infrastructure with Database as a Service (VIDaaS) IT Services James A J Wilson
Voltaire Foundation Voltaire Foundation Clare Fletcher
What's the score at the Bodleian? Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services Elizabeth Eva Leach
William Godwin's Diary Politics & Int Relations James Cummings
Yousef Jameel Online Centre for the Study of Islamic and Eastern Art Ashmolean Museum Nick Mayhew
People (88)
Abigail Williams Lord White Fellow in English, Professor of Eighteenth-Century Literature English Faculty
Alexander Huber Digital Librarian Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services
Alexandra Franklin Project Coordinator, Centre for the Study of the Book at University of Oxford Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services
Alison Roberts Curator for European and Early Prehistoric Collections, Ashmolean Museum Ashmolean Museum
Alun Edwards Research Officer IT Services
Amanda Flynn Digital Editor Digital Collections Development
Andrew Zisserman Professor Engineering Science
Annamaria Carusi Senior Research Associate Oxford e-Research Centre
Annette Peach History Faculty
Barry Cunliffe Professor Archaeology Institute
Ben Burton English Faculty
Birgit Mikus Research Staff; Project Coordinator German
Chris Howgego Keeper, Heberden Coin Room, Ashmolean Museum Ashmolean Museum
Chris Powell ICT Ashmolean Museum
Chris Wingfield Researcher Pitt Rivers Museum
Christine Madsen Head of Digital Programmes Bodleian Libraries Central Services and Administration
Cristina Dondi BARDA Research Fellow Italian
David De Roure Professor of e-Research Oxford e-Research Centre
David Robey Arts and Humanities Consultant Oxford e-Research Centre
David Womersley Professor English Faculty
Dirk Obbink University Lecturer in Papyrology/Greek Literature Ancient History
Edouard Chiricat Researcher Ancient History
Emma Huber UKOLN, Work Package Leader, IMPACT Project; Oxford, EEBO Reviewer Linacre College
Eric Clarke Professor Music Faculty
Eric Meyer Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute Oxford Internet Institute
Gary Lock Professor of Archaeology Archaeology Institute
Giles Bergel Departmental Lecturer in Bibliography and Textual Criticism English Faculty
Greg Kochanski Linguistics, Philology & Phonetics Faculty
Greg Parker Technical Director, Beazley Archive Classical Archaeology
Greg Votruba D.Phil Student Archaeology
Gábor Mihály Tóth Doctoral student History Faculty
Helen Hales Special Projects Officer, Pitt Rivers Museum Pitt Rivers Museum
Helena Hamerow Professor, University Lecturer in European Archaeology (Early Medieval) Archaeology Institute
Henriette Roued-Cunliffe Graduate Student Classics Faculty
Howard Hotson Professor of Early Modern Intellectual History, Lecturer (CUF) in Modern History History Faculty
Ian Archer Fellow and Tutor in Modern History History Faculty
Ian McClelland Communications and Information Coordinator, Refugee Studies Centre International Development
Jacob Dahl University Lecturer in Assyriology Griffith Institute
James A J Wilson Senior Project Manager (Research Data Management) IT Services
James Cummings Senior Digital Research Specialist, IT Services IT Services
Jenny McAuley Postdoctoral Research Associate English Faculty
John Pilbeam Web/Digital Officer, Sainsbury Library Said Business School Library
Jonathan Moffett Head of IT, Ashmolean Ashmolean Museum
Jonathan Prag Associate Professor in Ancient History / Fellow and Tutor, Merton College Ancient History
Judith Siefring Digital Editor, Oxford Digital Library Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services
Julia Craig-McFeely Research Fellow Music Faculty
Katharine Keats-Rohan History Faculty
Kelsey Rubin-Detlev Foote Junior Research Fellow in Russian, The Queen's College Russian
Kerri L Russell Postdoctoral Researcher Oriental Studies Faculty
Kevin Page Research Associate Oxford e-Research Centre
Lik Hang Tsui Doctoral candidate Chinese Studies (Humanities)
Lou Burnard Retired IT Services
Luke Treadwell University Lecturer in Islamic Numismatics and Assistant Keeper, Heberden Coin Room, Ashmolean Museum; Fellow of St Cross College Oriental Studies Faculty
Martin Kemp University Professor of the History of Art Trinity College
Martin Maiden Professor Medieval & Modern Languages Faculty
Mary Dalrymple Professor of Syntax Linguistics, Philology & Phonetics Faculty
Megan Price Research Associate Archaeology Institute
Meriel Patrick Analyst and Training Officer, Research Support Team IT Services
Michael Brady Professor of Information Engineering Engineering Science
Michael Popham Head of Digital Initiatives, BDLSS, Bodleian Libraries Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services
Milena Zeidler DPhil student (history) / digital librarian History Faculty
Oliver Taplin Professor of Classical Languages and Literature, Faculty of Classics Ancient History
Paolo D'Iorio Senior Research Associate, Oxford eResearch Centre, Maison Française d'Oxford Oxford e-Research Centre
Paul Groves Ashmolean Museum
Pete Whitelock Data and Resources Development Manager Oxford University Press
Peter Lawrence Watson DPhil student Continuing Education - HQ
Peter Millican Gilbert Ryle Fellow and Professor of Philosophy at Hertford College, Oxford Philosophy Faculty
Peter Robinson Project Manager, Learning Technologies Group, Oxford University Computing Services, University of Oxford, Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services
Peter Stewart Director, Classical Art Research Centre and the Beazley Archive Classical Archaeology
Pip Willcox Digital Editor Bodleian Digital Library Systems & Services
Richard Ashdowne Editor, Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources Classical Languages
Richard Doe Web Developer IT Services
Richard Ovenden Bodley's Librarian Bodleian Libraries Bodleian Libraries Central Services and Administration
Richard Sharpe Professor History Faculty
Robert McNamee Director, Electronic Enlightenment Project English Faculty
Robert Parker Professor Ancient History
Sarah Thomas Bodleian Libraries Central Services and Administration
Sebastian Rahtz Chief Data Architect IT Services
Sharron Pleydell-Pearce Divisional Research Facilitator Divisional Administration
Simon Charles Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services
Stephen Parkinson University Lecturer in Portuguese Language and Linguistics Portuguese
Sushila Burgess DAMS Developer, BDLSS Bodleian Libraries Research & Learning Services
Tom Wrobel Web and database developer Classics Faculty
Tony Harris Imaging Scientist/Medieval Scholar English Faculty
Ulrich Gehn Researcher Classical Archaeology
Vincent Razanajao Editor of the Topographical Bibliography and Keeper of the Archive Griffith Institute
Yvonne Harpur Adjunct Research Fellow / Dr Linacre College
Zixi You DPhil Student, Part-Time Research Assistant Oriental Studies Faculty